AMMA VODI scheme is a state level welfare scheme which is managed or under the supervision of school education department . This initiative is part of manifesto Mr.YS jagan , the chief minister of Andhra pradesh state.Amma Vodi is one of the schemes under the ‘NAVARATANALU’ model of governance.
The main beneficiaries of amma vodi scheme are the mother’s of school going children( belonging to below poverty line ) of class-1 to class-12. Schools covered under this scheme are : Government schools , private aided schools , private unaided schools , and junior and residential schools .The beneficiaries are given an amount of incentive of Rs.15000/-.
The main significant features of Amma Vodi scheme are as follows :
1.It will encourage parents of BPL families to send their children to schools and will increase the literacy level at secondary education level.
2.Encourages economic development of Women.
3.Increase in literacy rate at secondary education level provide employment opportunity to BPL children in skilled and semi- skilled sectors.
4.Establishes a profound base which will help children to pursue higher education and also helps in career planning.
Parallel central level schemes :
There are a few parallel schemes at central level which are like Amma Vodi aiming at the development of child girl and women which are as follows:
1.The Integrated child development scheme or Anganwadi services is one of the central schemes which like amma vodi offers an opportunity for development of children and their mothers and encouragement of schooling at a very primary level.
The ICDS Scheme offers a package of six services, viz.
- Supplementary Nutrition
- Pre-school non-formal education
- Nutrition & health education
- Health check-up and
- Referral services
Three of the six services viz. immunization, health check-up and referral services are related to health and are provided through National Health Mission and Public Health Infrastructure. The services are offered at Anganwadi Centres through Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) and Anganwadi Helpers (AWHS) at grassroots level.
2.The Indira gandhi matriva shayog yojna is another central level scheme which is like amma vodi aims at providing economic support to the mothers specially to the pregnant women.Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY), previously Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY), is a maternity benefit program run by the government of India. It was introduced in 2016 and is implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development. It is a conditional cash transfer scheme for pregnant and lactating women of 19 years of age or above for the first live birth. It provides a partial wage compensation to women for wage-loss during childbirth and childcare and to provide conditions for safe delivery and good nutrition and feeding practices. In 2013, the scheme was brought under the National Food Security Act, 2013 to implement the provision of cash maternity benefit of ₹6,000 (US$84) stated in the Act. Presently, the scheme is implemented on a pilot basis in 53 selected districts and proposals are under consideration to scale it up to 200 additional ‘high burden districts’ in 2015-16. Previously the pregnant women were given 6000 but in PMMVY they receive 5000 in three installments.
3.Mid day meal scheme is one of the important central government schemes which encourages schooling of children from BPL families like Amma vodi.Mid-day meal (MDM) is a wholesome freshly-cooked lunch served to children in government and government-aided schools in India. On 28 November 2001, the Supreme Court of India passed a mandate stating, “We direct the State Governments/Union Territories to implement the Mid Day Meal Scheme by providing every child in every Government and Government assisted Primary School with a prepared midday meal.”It aims at:
- avoid classroom hunger
- increase school enrolment
- increase school attendance
- improve socialisation among castes
- address malnutrition
- empower women through employment
All the above schemes like Amma Vodi scheme are aiming at development and encouragement of child education and women employment. However , the scope of amma vodi scheme is much larger as it provides a regular income of Rs.15000 to mothers which will encourage BPL families to send their children to schools atleast to avail the benefits. Moreover, the AMMA VODI unlike any other central scheme has a wider coverage as it not only aims at providing benefits to primary school children and to their mothers but also to secondary schooling children and their mothers which will also help the children to choice their career and higher education path.It will ensure the completion of secondary level schooling to BPL children which will provide them good employment opportunity in both government and private sectors.