Wildlife is very important companion of Human.Protecting wildlife is not only an ethical duty of a person but it is a necessary duty because destruction of wildlife will have a great effect on our lives through many ways like disturbance in food chain etc… So, government of India has been taking different steps to protect our companions. An 82-member Special Rhino Protection Force which is trained to combat poachers and understand animal
behaviour was recently deployed in Kaziranga National Park (KNP).
About Special Rhino Protection Force
Background: The process of setting up special force was initiated in 2015. In July 2018 members recruited were
given appointment letter after which they were trained at Forest Guard School in eastern Assam’s Makum. All
recruits also underwent weapons training at 9th Assam Police Battalion in Nagaon district of Assam.
SRPF: Basically SRPF is a tiger protection force that was named after the rhino since threat of poaching is more
for one-horned herbivore.
Raised by: This Special Force has been raised by initiative of both central as well as state governments so as to
control rhino poaching in tiger reserve. The state government of Assam would be paying salaries of SRPF
members and amount would be reimbursed by National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), which
recommended setting up of this special force.
Members: It consists of 82 personnel among whom eight are women. Out of 82 SRPF personnel, 60 have been
assigned ranges under Eastern Assam Wildlife Division on southern bank of river Brahmaputra.
Task: SRPF personnel will be posted under 8 ranges of Kaziranga National Park (KNP) to control rhino
poaching as well as protecting striped cat (tiger poaching) since Kaziranga is also a tiger reserve.
About Kaziranga National Park
Background: The 430 sq.km national park is located in Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam. In 1968 it was
given National Park status and in 1985 it was declared UNESCO World Heritage Site (WHS) for its unique
natural environment.
Known for: It is home to World’s largest population of One Horned Rhinoceros i.e. about 68%. The one-horned
rhinoceroses are listed as vulnerable on IUCN Red list of Threatened Species. It is also recognized as an
Important Bird Area (IBA) by Birdlife International for conservation of avifaunal species.
It encompasses 8 ranges under two wildlife divisions: (1) Eastern Assam and (2) Biswanath along the river