Confucius, also known as Kong Qui or K’ung Fu-tzu, was a Chinese philosopher, teacher and political figure. His teachings, preserved in the Analects, focused on creating ethical models of family and public interaction and setting educational standards. After his death, Confucius became the official imperial philosophy of China, which was extremely influential during the Han, Tang and Song dynasties.
The philosophy of Confucius, also known as Confucianism, emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice, kindness, and sincerity. His followers competed successfully with many other schools during the Hundred Schools of Thought era only to be suppressed in favor of the Legalists during the Qin dynasty. Following the victory of Han over Chu after the collapse of Qin, Confucius’s thoughts received official sanction in the new government and were further developed into a system known in the West as Neo-Confucianism, and later New Confucianism (Modern Neo-Confucianism).
Confucius’s principles have commonality with Chinese tradition and belief. He championed strong family loyalty, ancestor veneration, and respect of elders by their children and of husbands by their wives, recommending family as a basis for ideal government. He espoused the well-known principle “Do not do unto others what you do not want done to yourself”, the Golden Rule. He is also a traditional deity in Daoism.
Confucius’ Beliefs, Philosophy and Teachings :
During the sixth century B.C., competing Chinese states undermined the authority of the Chou Empire, which had held supreme rule for over 500 years. Traditional Chinese principles began to deteriorate, resulting in a period of moral decline. Confucius recognized an opportunity — and an obligation — to reinforce the societal values of compassion and tradition.
The Golden Rule
Confucius’ social philosophy was based primarily on the principle of “ren” or “loving others” while exercising self-discipline. He believed that ren could be put into action using the Golden Rule, “What you do not wish for yourself, do not do to others.” (Lunyu 12.2, 6.30).
Confucius’ political beliefs were likewise based on the concept of self-discipline. He believed that a leader needed to exercise self-discipline in order to remain humble and treat his followers with compassion. In doing so, leaders would lead by positive example. According to Confucius, leaders could motivate their subjects to follow the law by teaching them virtue and the unifying force of ritual propriety.
Confucius’ philosophy of education focused on the “Six Arts”: archery, calligraphy, computation, music, chariot-driving and ritual. To Confucius, the main objective of being an educator was to teach people to live with integrity. Through his teachings, he strove to resurrect the traditional values of benevolence, propriety and ritual in Chinese society.
Recruitment and selection
Under the influence of Confucianism, East Asian companies have developed some distinctive recruiting and selection practices. In this regard, three features are worthy of special attention: (1) hiring on the basis of personal relationships; (2) the extensive use of formal examinations; and (3) the emphasis on moral character as a selection criterion.
INFLUENCE ON RECRUITMENT PROCESS OF CIVIL SERVANTS IN INDIA :
The present system of recruitments in India comprises basically of three stages :
1] preliminary examination
2] Mains examination and
All these three stages of examinations are conducted to examine the understanding , decision making and moral standards of the candidates writing for the services. When we look at the deeper sense of this process of recruitment , we can observe that there is a clear influence of Confucianism on the recruitment process of civil servants in India.
The following points explains about the different spheresq where the confucius philosophy influences the Indian recruitment system :
1]Firstly , the principle of hiring on the basis of personal relationships : This is evident from the prohibition of candidates with criminal backgrounds from appearing to exams at the primary level , introduction of subjects like ethics and aptitude at the secondary level and finally conduction of interview .
2]Secondly , the principle of the extensive use of formal examinations : The Indian UPSC examinations are considered as one of the most extensive and practical examinations in the world . The model of Examination process involves testing of candidates academic , practical and moral standards.
3]Thirdly , the principle of emphasis on moral character as a selection criterion : The inclusion of an exclusive paper on Ethic , integrity and aptitude to test the moral and ethical plethora of the candidate .
Apart from the influence that confucius philosophy had on the recruitment process , we can also say that the remuneration aspect is also influenced by the principles of confucius like Reward based on group performance and seniority,seniority-based wage increase,Seasonal bonuses and livelihood support,the family allowance etc…