“The feeling of belongingness to a particular region and strong patriotism towards that particular region is called as Regionalism”. The basis for regionalism in India started after Independence during formation of Indian Union . As said India is a Union of different people of different cultures , religions , customs and also regions.
The very base for regionalism in India started with the statehood recognition of each region on the basis of their cultures , customs and mainly languages. Later development became became the main concern due to the domination of developed majority people against undeveloped minorities.
Like Mahatma Gandhi said ” the development of the countries lies in the development of its regional villages”, now the backwardness of a particular region and unequal distribution of wealth and development led to formation of regionalism and regional political parties like Telangana Rastra Samithi in Telangana , Telugu Desham Party in Andhra Pradesh , Anna DMK in Tamil Nadu.
The very recent recognition of a region with statehood is Telangana. The division of Telangana from the then united Andhra Pradesh is due to the inequality in distribution of wealth and development activities which acts as a live example of Regionalism.
However , division of each region as a state will lead to fragmentation of India into small parts. So, ensuring equal distribution of wealth and development and equal representation can only curb the chaos made by regionalist groups.